Nick Bostrom ” superintelligence ” by Suhrkamp
In ” superintelligence ” the philosopher Nick Bostrom draws a gloomy vision of the future: the power of the machine is imminent. Losers would be the currently reigning winner human evolution.
What would happen if there were intelligent machines? No refrigerators, reorder the fresh milk automatically when the old has expired. No cars, the control itself, as we sit in the back seat and check in on Facebook. But: A software that is intellectually superior to us. What would that mean for us humans?
These questions deal with the philosopher Nick Bostrom a man with high Denkerstirn, with many subjects (philosophy, physics, mathematics, neuroscience ) and the best of British universities in his curriculum vitae (King’s College, LSE, University of Oxford ). While other thinkers in the exponential growth of our technical resources suspect the germ of immortality, Nick Bostrom designs in his book’Super’ intelligence’ an extremely pessimistic scenario. At the end of his musings stands as one of several possibilities nothing less than the destruction of mankind
The end is near. If we do nothing, writes Nick Bostrom, it could eventually 2040-2075 to be with our species over,
It had all started so innocently: the late seventies proposes for the first time a computer a human intelligence in a competition. The software’ BKG’ wins against the reigning world champion in backgammon. Maybe the computer had just lucky, admits its inventor. Fifteen years later there with’ TD -Gammon’ However, as a program that learns from games against itself and today’ let the best human players far behind’, like Nick Bostrom writes. In poker, the artificial intelligence ( AI ) are weak still, and in inventing jokes they are lousy. But in checkers, chess, Scrabble and the quiz show’ Jeopardy’ they have now reached a’ superhuman’ level, so Bostrom.
‘ largest and most menacing challenge’
These examples illustrate the principle at stake the philosopher: Once an AI reaches a certain level of development, it can even improve and in this way their human inventors depend. That the application areas have long left the playfulness behind, show defense firms working on self-controlled combat drones. Nick Bostrom but it’s not about the moral question of whether robots can kill. He speculates on an’ intelligence explosion’, ie the emergence of AI that would be smart enough to rise from their bondage. Nick Bostrom calls them’ super-intelligence’
The author clothes his musings in the sober garb of science literature -. With footnotes, graphics and a long note part – and yet makes the whole pathos of the seer from. Subjunctive and superlative lie close together with him.’ A superintelligence would be the largest and most menacing challenge that humanity has ever been, “he writes. The’ largest and most menacing challenge’ is the’ super-intelligence’ simply by definition as’ intellect, which far exceeds the human cognitive performance in almost all areas.’ Sure, that would be stupid for the incumbent evolution winner man.
It can be assumed, writes Nick Bostrom that a’ super-intelligence’ alone instrumental reasons does everything to survive her to secure and increase their efficiency. And that means in doubt, include: eliminating nuisance man. For example, nano weapons that are invisible to the human eye and do not exist today. But that could be developed by the’ super-intelligence’ by virtue of its super intelligence. A guilty conscience will hardly have, after all, we should take care not to humanize the AI. The program’ TD -Gammon’ does not get bored, too, just because it lack of relevant opponents always have to play against itself.
‘ More, than can make one planet available’
What happens after the destruction of mankind, may be all the same to us basically, but quickly the sake of completeness: Unrestrained by the impositions of a single mortal body, the’ super-intelligence’ with the colonization of space could begin. Finally, it has an interest to increase their computing power and secure their energy supply.’ Projects of this kind could quickly far more resources devour, as one planet can provide, ” writes Nick Bostrom
The essence of the’ super-intelligence’ is in some ways like the nature of God. We earthly and normal intelligent can spend our whole lives trying to fathom it, and yet never attain certainty. If God were superior to us not unattainable, then he would not be God. If the’ super-intelligence’ is not more powerful than is imaginable for us, they would not be great. The only question is: Does that make their existence plausible?
As a layman, it is with a certain helplessness before Bostrom theory. You either accept his premise that the emergence of an autonomous and superhuman artificial intelligence is possible. Then the consequences – Space, nano weapons, doomsday – not implausible. Or has this reflections of themselves. Finally, there is one thing when a software is unbeatable in backgammon. And the other, when they will and skills developed on a spatially unrestricted field in which the rules are set only by the laws of nature, to rise up against their inventors. Then Bostrom further considerations are invalid.
In any case remain’ super-intelligence’, however, a remarkable reading. This finding is not in the sense of the author, which it is keen to warn mankind of their impending doom. But with a minimal investment for Pulp- or science fiction literature to read your book Bostrom with indulging in a little scary and increasing fascination.’Super’ intelligence’ is – what can not be said of many non-fiction books – an aesthetic pleasure. All it takes is the attitude that Samuel Taylor Coleridge once declared as a condition of enjoyment of art. The willful suspension of disbelief
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